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What modern safeguards should be instituted in order to ensure appropriate protections for fish and fish habitat?

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Obligation to act, not simply the ability

SCORE:
5.0
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/25/2016 1480108264
2 ideas: 1) Obligation to act, and 2) Mandatory increase in compliance staff to certain key numbers.1) Beyond simply having the ability to enforce/fin .... Read More

2 ideas: 1) Obligation to act, and 2) Mandatory increase in compliance staff to certain key numbers.1) Beyond simply having the ability to enforce/fine/reprimand/force compliance, there ought to be some standard base obligation of our government to do these things. Companies, industries, and other entities that destroy, pollute or otherwise harm fish and fish habitat require a baseline of guaranteed repercussions, to a degree that impacts them and forces them to change. We are too fond of cutting deals, sympathizing, letting things go, or charging laughably low amounts of money. Are we serious about protecting fish, fish habitat, and by extension, our water systems? Then be serious. Mandate an Obligation to Act.2) An act is useless with no enforcement muscle. A mandatory minimum number of enforcement personnel should be guaranteed such that they can reasonably cover problems in our regional watersheds. Again, are we serious? Then be serious. Mandate a feasible number of personnel.

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Fish Habitat Restoration

SCORE:
2.5
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480101507
While the Fisheries Act has programs in place for habitat protection, changes should be made with the intention of addressing the restoration of fish .... Read More

While the Fisheries Act has programs in place for habitat protection, changes should be made with the intention of addressing the restoration of fish habitat in areas that have been damaged by human impact and development. 

Restoration is not intended to return a system to a pre-altered state or fixed condition but to help restore the structure, function, and ecological processes of a system. Restoration also includes extensive environmental monitoring. Environmental monitoring requires collection of data to measure the success of a project. Data collected from monitoring programs will also aid in filling gas in DFO and public data and can assist in mapping. 

Habitat restoration is at the foundation of many land management strategies and endangered species recovery initiatives and should be considered further in the Fisheries Act. 

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Offsetting and Habitat Banking

SCORE:
5.0
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480098286
While offsetting is meant as a last resort if an impact cannot be prevented or mitigated, in some cases, it is inevitable. Currently, offsetting is do .... Read More

While offsetting is meant as a last resort if an impact cannot be prevented or mitigated, in some cases, it is inevitable. Currently, offsetting is done on a project-by-project basis with an effort to complete the offset near the area of impact. DFO needs to explore more fully the concept of habitat banking. Major restoration works could be completed in areas that have been heavily impacted in the past if offsetting from multiple projects could be applied to fewer large projects.

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Extensive damage of our environment is a crime is ecocide

SCORE:
2.0
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/25/2016 1480043419
The UN SDGs are motivated as a result in part of the UN GEO reports of extensive unsustainable damage being duty to our environment. As a result of th .... Read More

The UN SDGs are motivated as a result in part of the UN GEO reports of extensive unsustainable damage being duty to our environment. As a result of this awareness I informed PM Stephen Harper and PM Justin Trudeau , the Clerk of the Privy Council, the Min of the Environment, the Min of Justice , the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs, the Senate Standing Committee on National Security and Defense of the proposal to have extensive damage of our environment recognized as criminal acts of ecocide in the Rome Statute from which the International Criminal Court (ICC) get it authority. When does the extensive damage to the web which in this case fish and fish habitat are a component cross the line and threaten the extinction of a species , the mental , physical ecological, economic and food security of Canadians , of  humanity?  When as a result must such damage be recognized as violations of humanities rights to peace and security ?  The government of Canada must recognize that it has the superior duty to protect citizens and the environment what sustains them.  In sept 2016 the ICC announced it intends to prosecute environmental crimes @chrisarsenaul Thomson Reuters Foundation  http://tinyurl.com/jkp6cru In closing is the nation Canada that committed cultural genocide of first nations people now committing ecocide the extensive unsustainable damage to our planets atmsopere, oceans and ecosystems, the web of life, commonly called climate change. Will those with a duty to protect Canadians do the right thing.Having informed the government of Canada repeatedly unfortunately they have not yet fulfilled their duty. 

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Owner-operator policy

SCORE:
4.7
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/23/2016 1479919308
Enforce owner-operator policy in the Maritimes. Smaller scale inshore fishermen are attached to place and are stewards of the environment. When they h .... Read More

Enforce owner-operator policy in the Maritimes. Smaller scale inshore fishermen are attached to place and are stewards of the environment. When they have to compete with corporate fleets, especially under quota systems, they're pressured into putting in more effort - fishing rougher weather, longer hours, bigger boats, bigger investments, more at stake - to land more fish. More at stake, more likely to sell out to bigger entrepreneurial interests who can afford to buy out their licenses and quota for much more than the next fisherman in the community could ever afford. Licenses leave communities, altering long traditions and ways of living in coastal communities, and funnels yet more fishing capacity to corporate interests. Repeat. What we get is more intense fishing, less sustainable fishing, and a loss of community viability and wellbeing. 

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Effectiveness Monitoring: an essential part of a fisheries protection regime

SCORE:
4.9
Theme:Monitoring Threats and Reporting-back to Canadians
on 11/21/2016 1479737345
Evaluating the effectiveness of decisions taken under the Fisheries Act to protect and conserve fish and fish habitats is an essential part of a fishe .... Read More

Evaluating the effectiveness of decisions taken under the Fisheries Act to protect and conserve fish and fish habitats is an essential part of a fisheries protection regime. Science-based monitoring to assess effectiveness of decisions requires standard fish and fish habitat indicators, with clear data collection standards. The results of monitoring activities could be used to evaluate and improve mitigation and offset measures, and other habitat restoration activities.  Enshrining effectiveness monitoring in the Fisheries Act would provide a legislative foundation to build a national monitoring framework that would enable the Department to regularly report back to Canadians on how effective the fisheries protection provisions of the Fisheries Act are at achieving its intended goals and objectives.

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Sensitive Inventory Habitat Mapping

SCORE:
4.3
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/17/2016 1479358626
SHIM methods ( http://cmnmaps.ca/cmn/files/methods/SHIM_Methods.html ) should be required by DFO as part of a land use proposal assessment, to descr .... Read More

SHIM methods ( http://cmnmaps.ca/cmn/files/methods/SHIM_Methods.html ) should be required by DFO as part of a land use proposal assessment, to describe the existing "fish habitat". This method has been used in BC for 15 years by many local governments to inform their land use planning and decisions. Those local governments have found it a practical method to meet their business needs. SHIM should be applied to several kilometres of a water course or most of a water body shoreline to establish a baseline data set and to capture any cumulative effects in a watershed.

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Habitat Compensation/Offsetting/Banking (NoNetLoss) is Mostly a Myth

SCORE:
3.4
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/16/2016 1479275367
DFO needs to require several activities of developers to ensure compensation and habitat banking is successful. - Establish baseline data prior to .... Read More

DFO needs to require several activities of developers to ensure compensation and habitat banking is successful.

- Establish baseline data prior to compensation actions to facilitate site planning and long term assessments of success using prescribed methods.

- Accurately map and inventory newly constructed projects to facilitate future monitoring and research.

- Monitor and apply adaptive management to mitigate stressors in perpetuity, because compensation and habitat banks are always near human activity which carries the risk of future unforeseen impacts.

- Many completed compensation projects have failed because the above process was not used and DFO needs to systematically find and fix broken habitat compensation projects, to repay the habitat deficit to Canada that has accumulated since the No Net Loss principle was adopted in the 1980s

Compensation, Offsetting and Habitat Banking are ecosystem assets owed to Canadians in lieu of land development. It needs to be considered a permanent cost of doing business not just a one off expense by the developer. There are many financial instruments DFO can use to ensure habitat created is not lost due to neglect.

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parabens and the health of beings on the planet.

SCORE:
4.7
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/15/2016 1479221043
Parabens have been banned from use in the cosmetic industry in Europe, yet it is still widely used here in North america. WHY? This ingredient interfe .... Read More

Parabens have been banned from use in the cosmetic industry in Europe, yet it is still widely used here in North america. WHY? This ingredient interferes with hormone function, and since it is washed down the drain, it interferes also in animal natural cycles. 

http://davidsuzuki.org/issues/health/science/toxics/chemicals-in-your-cosmetics---parabens/

Ingredients that are toxic or carciogenic need to be banned to protect both people and the animals who get the after effect. 

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