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What modern safeguards should be instituted in order to ensure appropriate protections for fish and fish habitat?

Search By: 'Adaptive management' Show All

Protect Habitat for the future generations

SCORE:
5.0
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480052058
Please reinstate the old fisheries act prior to the Harper government to give our sacred Salmon and Sturgeon a chance to survive for all future genera .... Read More

Please reinstate the old fisheries act prior to the Harper government to give our sacred Salmon and Sturgeon a chance to survive for all future generations. The most delicate ecosystem on the Fraser river is between Mission and Hope for salmon and sturgeon rearing, smolt and fry development. Gravel should never be taken from these area's or other tributaries to the Fraser River for the same reasons. Cleaning our waterways of garbage and abandoned boat, ship and industrial equipment to prevent degradation. Do not allow any Salmon fishing when there is a conservation concern of stock groups. Create a transparent monitoring and enforcement program that all Canadians and the world can be proud of. Future generations rely on our Government to make responsible decisions that will protect all fish for the future. 

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Adaptive, Ecosystem, and Long-Term Managment

SCORE:
4.3
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/17/2016 1479421946
In a general sense, an adaptive management approach is important when looking at fish management and study decisions.  Though going back to previous .... Read More

In a general sense, an adaptive management approach is important when looking at fish management and study decisions. 

Though going back to previous legislature would be more beneficial to conservation than what is currently in place. We should refine the older policies with up to date information so that we may begin to work toward the net gain policy.

When concerned with an individual species, one cannot focus in on just that species. An ecosystem based management approach is imperative to understanding what drives their abundance and distribution. There are many factors which contribute to a species survival that must all be considered in helping to restore a species population. 

Species management must also continue to take a collaborative approach. Where we cannot just have scientists or publicists coming up with management decisions separately. Various types of specialists from government officials, to research scientists, social scientists, etc. must collaborate in producing programs that are beneficial to all. 

At the same time, management must also be well-informed. Each species has very specific requirements to survive which even vary spatially and temporally. These requirements may be overlooked if a general framework is applied to all. 

It is important to get the general population on board if any management decision is to be successful. Expansion of public knowledge is important in this regard. For example, applicant angling license holders should undergo brief testing on ecological principles, species-specific knowledge, and current conservation issues to better understand how they may effect their surroundings. 

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More funding for evidence-based habitat restoration projects

SCORE:
4.7
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/17/2016 1479421128
Preemptive restoration of wild spawning, rearing and refuge habitats would have positive long-term economic and ecological effects. Proactively increa .... Read More

Preemptive restoration of wild spawning, rearing and refuge habitats would have positive long-term economic and ecological effects. Proactively increasing habitat complexity (eg. artificial reefs, shoreline restoration, large woody debris additions) and returning fish assemblages to levels of self-sustainability will reduce future needs for reactive measures after ecological crises. Increasing a habitat's natural output will reduce the need to supplement with hatchery stock on an annual basis, preserving biodiversity and reducing taxpayer burden. 

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Reparation of underlying decline in fish populations

SCORE:
4.0
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/17/2016 1479420848
Need to start allocating resources from hatchery efforts and put them towards research and data collection to understand the underlying causes of decl .... Read More

Need to start allocating resources from hatchery efforts and put them towards research and data collection to understand the underlying causes of declines within these populations.  Some fisheries, particularly Salmon fisheries on the West Coast, are being propped up to some degree by hatcheries which is only a temporary solution.  We need to start figuring out the underlying causes of the declines rather than continually treating the symptoms.  In the long run  this would be far more economically practically than current methods.  We need to not only research methods but actually take meaningful action in restoring populations.

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Sensitive Inventory Habitat Mapping

SCORE:
4.3
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/17/2016 1479358626
SHIM methods ( http://cmnmaps.ca/cmn/files/methods/SHIM_Methods.html ) should be required by DFO as part of a land use proposal assessment, to descr .... Read More

SHIM methods ( http://cmnmaps.ca/cmn/files/methods/SHIM_Methods.html ) should be required by DFO as part of a land use proposal assessment, to describe the existing "fish habitat". This method has been used in BC for 15 years by many local governments to inform their land use planning and decisions. Those local governments have found it a practical method to meet their business needs. SHIM should be applied to several kilometres of a water course or most of a water body shoreline to establish a baseline data set and to capture any cumulative effects in a watershed.

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Habitat Compensation/Offsetting/Banking (NoNetLoss) is Mostly a Myth

SCORE:
3.4
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/16/2016 1479275367
DFO needs to require several activities of developers to ensure compensation and habitat banking is successful. - Establish baseline data prior to .... Read More

DFO needs to require several activities of developers to ensure compensation and habitat banking is successful.

- Establish baseline data prior to compensation actions to facilitate site planning and long term assessments of success using prescribed methods.

- Accurately map and inventory newly constructed projects to facilitate future monitoring and research.

- Monitor and apply adaptive management to mitigate stressors in perpetuity, because compensation and habitat banks are always near human activity which carries the risk of future unforeseen impacts.

- Many completed compensation projects have failed because the above process was not used and DFO needs to systematically find and fix broken habitat compensation projects, to repay the habitat deficit to Canada that has accumulated since the No Net Loss principle was adopted in the 1980s

Compensation, Offsetting and Habitat Banking are ecosystem assets owed to Canadians in lieu of land development. It needs to be considered a permanent cost of doing business not just a one off expense by the developer. There are many financial instruments DFO can use to ensure habitat created is not lost due to neglect.

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Let's save the Salmon fishery

SCORE:
4.8
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/07/2016 1478477367
It is no secret that the chinook fishery return showed significant decline in 2016. I think this is a result of too many stakeholders over the years .... Read More

It is no secret that the chinook fishery return showed significant decline in 2016.

I think this is a result of too many stakeholders over the years blaming everyone else and not holding  themselves culpable.  It is just too easy to blame everything on climate change after what has happened over the years. My list of changes that should help to bring the fishery back are below.

1. Eliminate the offshore sport fishery. Limit salmon fishing to within 2 miles of the shore. We are harvesting the crop as veal when the salmon feed and grow for another year or 2 or 3 for free.

2. Get some semblance of control on the guide boat commercial sport fishery. Back in the days of the commercial salmon trollers limits were set on the number of fish that could be caught in an area and also the number of boats fishing. These boat now basically have no daily or yearly catch limit and they are multiplying like rabbits every year.

3. The salmon need small fish to eat and grow. We are selling the food out of their manger. Stop the commercial herring roe fishery until such time as herring stocks are rebuilt in the Georgia Strait, Juan De Fuca Strait and the south end of the west  coast of Vancouver Island.

4. Get the salmon farms out of the ocean and onto the land where they belong.

5.Continue salmon enhancement programs that revitalise and restart salmon runs in spawning rivers and creeks.

Inforce the rules of the fishery on the ocean and on the rivers. There should be ocean and roadside checks on sports fishermen. This means everyone including the aboriginals food fishery. If the salmon fishery becomes the east coast cod fishery how may food fish will be left ?

All stakeholders lose if we do not fix this now!

 

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Require research collaborations with proponents for authorizations

SCORE:
4.3
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 10/21/2016 1477023204
Each time an authorization for the destruction of habitat is made, or compensation measures are proposed, a natural experiment is begun. Too often the .... Read More

Each time an authorization for the destruction of habitat is made, or compensation measures are proposed, a natural experiment is begun. Too often the results of these experiments are buried in consultant reports and monitoring plans are cobbled together with no opportunity for peer review or feedback, and conducted in such a manner that no clear evaluation of the activities is possible. Rather, some means of involvement by either DFO research scientists (perhaps not given the conflict of interest with DFO as the regulator) or academics (e.g., funding from the proponent to support research activities) would provide opportunities to both evaluate the effectiveness of recovery and compensation measures, as well as better identify best practices for future development to help mitigate the effects of authorizations. 

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