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What modern safeguards should be instituted in order to ensure appropriate protections for fish and fish habitat?

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Setting limits for cumulative effects, watershed-level management

SCORE:
4.5
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480095119
Managing cumulative effects requires that limits be set on allowable habitat change or fish population loss. Setting those limits is both a a technica .... Read More

Managing cumulative effects requires that limits be set on allowable habitat change or fish population loss. Setting those limits is both a a technical and a political exercise. It needs to be done in an open and public process, and involve multiple jurisdictions. The new Fisheries Act must provide for such a process.

To illustrate the issues, consider Ripley et al. (2005) http://www.nrcresearchpress.com/doi/abs/10.1139/f05-150#.WDdOcHdk8UE, their Figure 2. Probability of bull trout occurrence in a watershed declines with ANY tree harvest or road development. There is no threshold of development in watersheds below which bull trout are completely safe in the presence of logging or roads, so there is no objective limit you can use for managing logging.

The allowable amount of logging & road development, and the allowable loss of bull trout, will depend on a scientifically-determined range of probabilities of persistence of bull trout in the face of logging, from which an acceptable, politically-determined level of  logging is selected. Also, note that this has to be determined at the watershed level, showing that there will have to be cooperative management involving different legal jurisdictions.

Some exercise like this would need to be done for each species in a watershed, or by evaluating the probability of persistence of entire fish communities. The new Fisheries Act needs to be written in a way that accommodates processes like this.

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Public Fisheries Database

SCORE:
4.0
Theme:Opportunities for Partnerships and Collaborations
on 11/25/2016 1480091791
I propose that we work on establishing a federal database and an interactive mapping framework (IMF) similar to that currently used in Alberta. Work b .... Read More

I propose that we work on establishing a federal database and an interactive mapping framework (IMF) similar to that currently used in Alberta. Work being done on a Provincial level is regularly uploaded through a load form to the database and points are then populated on a map after the data is entered. This data is then searchable through an IMF system to help establish a baseline of the species richness and presence in an area. The responsibility of uploading information falls to those collecting the data through fish research licenses, public fishing, angling groups, etc. The federal governing body would really only be tasked with website maintenance. This would allow government, consultants, public, special interest group, etc to have reliable information at their finger tips. 

There is constantly work being done by consultants, government, industry etc. Why not give them a spot to upload e-fishing, netting, and angling data? It would allow us to better understand the distribution of fish in our country and give us a invaluable database to draw from.

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Protect Habitat for the future generations

SCORE:
5.0
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480052058
Please reinstate the old fisheries act prior to the Harper government to give our sacred Salmon and Sturgeon a chance to survive for all future genera .... Read More

Please reinstate the old fisheries act prior to the Harper government to give our sacred Salmon and Sturgeon a chance to survive for all future generations. The most delicate ecosystem on the Fraser river is between Mission and Hope for salmon and sturgeon rearing, smolt and fry development. Gravel should never be taken from these area's or other tributaries to the Fraser River for the same reasons. Cleaning our waterways of garbage and abandoned boat, ship and industrial equipment to prevent degradation. Do not allow any Salmon fishing when there is a conservation concern of stock groups. Create a transparent monitoring and enforcement program that all Canadians and the world can be proud of. Future generations rely on our Government to make responsible decisions that will protect all fish for the future. 

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Education Transparency & Restoration of the Fisheries Act before Harper

SCORE:
4.0
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480040743
I believe we need to reintroduce the Fisheries Act to where it was pre-Harper's dismantling of it. The public needs to be informed about the importanc .... Read More

I believe we need to reintroduce the Fisheries Act to where it was pre-Harper's dismantling of it. The public needs to be informed about the importance of caring for our fish habitat - and there needs to be more transparency for everyone. This summer the destruction of a fish bearing stream in the Maple Creek Watershed of Port Coquitlam was stopped literally DAYS before the filling in of it. Not ONE person was informed. Not ONE PERSON!!! DFO authorized it. Only the owner of the property knew.  It was discovered by accident. To make way for a single family three story 13,000 Sq ft home This HAS to stop !!! For more info on this there is a fb page Save Maple Creek Port Coquitlam and read the history of this. Transparency & Education. Restore the Fisheries Act to protect our precious fish habitat. 

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Listen to First Nations

SCORE:
3.8
Theme:Opportunities for Partnerships and Collaborations
on 10/25/2016 1477365381
The Indigenous Stake holders have a wealth of understanding and years of living and fishing on the coast. They are rarely consulted and their knowledg .... Read More

The Indigenous Stake holders have a wealth of understanding and years of living and fishing on the coast. They are rarely consulted and their knowledge often ignored. 

Consult with these stakeholders and take advice. 

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Allow for more delegation of monitoring and enforcement powers to Indigenous Guardians

SCORE:
3.8
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 10/21/2016 1477088954
Many indigenous communities see Guardian Watchmen and equivalent organizations as critical to their capacity for monitoring and habitat protection. Pr .... Read More

Many indigenous communities see Guardian Watchmen and equivalent organizations as critical to their capacity for monitoring and habitat protection. Providing adequate resources for this work is essential.Providing authority under Canadian law to enforce Indigenous fisheries law is also critical. One section of the Act allows for enforcement of Indigenous laws but only in cases where modern treaties have been settled. This section, 5.4, should be expanded.

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