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What modern safeguards should be instituted in order to ensure appropriate protections for fish and fish habitat?

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A national program for dealing with derelict fishing gear

SCORE:
1.0
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480094898
Canada's oceans have long been amongst the richest and biologically diverse oceans in the world. Millions of invertebrates, fish, marine mammals and b .... Read More

Canada's oceans have long been amongst the richest and biologically diverse oceans in the world. Millions of invertebrates, fish, marine mammals and birds live under, on and over these waters and depend on them for food and shelter. We Canadians benefit from these riches in various ways. We fish for food, grow kelp and shellfish and use the oceans for recreational activities such as scuba diving. These activities support a large and wide varieties of enterprises and many people's livelihood depend on them. However there is a serious risk for the sustainability of these economic sectors. Each years tonnes of abandoned, lost and discarded fishing gear, called ghost gear, end up in our oceans or landfills. The fishing gear that ends up in the ocean continues to fish and kill millions of non targeted species such as fish, birds, seals, whales and other animals. The fishing that ends up in the land fill is a missed opportunity for recycling as there is a wide range of options to re-use these materials into new products such as clothing, industrial carpet tiles and other useful products. For 7 years my wife Kathy Johnson and I have created , run and funded the only consistent (volunteer) ghost gear removal program in our area in BC and, as far as we are aware, in Canada. We have made our program part of a worldwide effort that removes ghost gear all over the world. Other countries and states have since long been funding platforms that locate, remove and recycle the ghost gear. It is unacceptable to see that Canada is nowhere on the world stage and is even behind some third world countries in this aspect. Due to the lack of political leadership from the past gouvernment we have not seen a federal program that addresses and supports a national ghost gear removal program. In the last year we have seen no progress in this matter despite efforts of organizations such Animal World Protection to start discussions with gouvernment and industry. I would hate to think that my trust that I have this current gouvernment is misplaced. In the ministerial mandate letter that was sent to the Ministry of Fisheries Oceans and Canadian Coast Guard one of the targets is specifically mentioned : “Restore funding to support federal ocean science and monitoring programs, to protect the health of fish stocks, to monitor contaminants and pollution in the oceans, and to support responsible and sustainable aquaculture industries on Canada’s coasts.” Clearly the previously mentioned ghost gear is both a pollutant and a threat to the sustainability of fish stocks and health of the oceans. I expect the responsible Minister to develop, fund, implement and enforce a program that not only deals with the existing gear in our oceans but also prevents the creation of new ghost gear. This would include the recycling of the retrieved and end of life gear that is currently dumped in landfills. The technology and people are there . We now need the leadership to get legislation and funding to start dealing with this issue. I therefore invite the responsible people of the ministry to contact me and work with myself and other organizations to get Canada back in a leadership position and literally clean up its ocean act. I am grateful for any support and look forward to share our experience and knowledge in order to create a better Canada. Kind regards Peter Mieras

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Public Fisheries Database

SCORE:
4.0
Theme:Opportunities for Partnerships and Collaborations
on 11/25/2016 1480091791
I propose that we work on establishing a federal database and an interactive mapping framework (IMF) similar to that currently used in Alberta. Work b .... Read More

I propose that we work on establishing a federal database and an interactive mapping framework (IMF) similar to that currently used in Alberta. Work being done on a Provincial level is regularly uploaded through a load form to the database and points are then populated on a map after the data is entered. This data is then searchable through an IMF system to help establish a baseline of the species richness and presence in an area. The responsibility of uploading information falls to those collecting the data through fish research licenses, public fishing, angling groups, etc. The federal governing body would really only be tasked with website maintenance. This would allow government, consultants, public, special interest group, etc to have reliable information at their finger tips. 

There is constantly work being done by consultants, government, industry etc. Why not give them a spot to upload e-fishing, netting, and angling data? It would allow us to better understand the distribution of fish in our country and give us a invaluable database to draw from.

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Protect Habitat for the future generations

SCORE:
5.0
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480052058
Please reinstate the old fisheries act prior to the Harper government to give our sacred Salmon and Sturgeon a chance to survive for all future genera .... Read More

Please reinstate the old fisheries act prior to the Harper government to give our sacred Salmon and Sturgeon a chance to survive for all future generations. The most delicate ecosystem on the Fraser river is between Mission and Hope for salmon and sturgeon rearing, smolt and fry development. Gravel should never be taken from these area's or other tributaries to the Fraser River for the same reasons. Cleaning our waterways of garbage and abandoned boat, ship and industrial equipment to prevent degradation. Do not allow any Salmon fishing when there is a conservation concern of stock groups. Create a transparent monitoring and enforcement program that all Canadians and the world can be proud of. Future generations rely on our Government to make responsible decisions that will protect all fish for the future. 

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Extensive damage of our environment is a crime is ecocide

SCORE:
2.0
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/25/2016 1480043419
The UN SDGs are motivated as a result in part of the UN GEO reports of extensive unsustainable damage being duty to our environment. As a result of th .... Read More

The UN SDGs are motivated as a result in part of the UN GEO reports of extensive unsustainable damage being duty to our environment. As a result of this awareness I informed PM Stephen Harper and PM Justin Trudeau , the Clerk of the Privy Council, the Min of the Environment, the Min of Justice , the Minister of Foreign Affairs, the Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs, the Senate Standing Committee on National Security and Defense of the proposal to have extensive damage of our environment recognized as criminal acts of ecocide in the Rome Statute from which the International Criminal Court (ICC) get it authority. When does the extensive damage to the web which in this case fish and fish habitat are a component cross the line and threaten the extinction of a species , the mental , physical ecological, economic and food security of Canadians , of  humanity?  When as a result must such damage be recognized as violations of humanities rights to peace and security ?  The government of Canada must recognize that it has the superior duty to protect citizens and the environment what sustains them.  In sept 2016 the ICC announced it intends to prosecute environmental crimes @chrisarsenaul Thomson Reuters Foundation  http://tinyurl.com/jkp6cru In closing is the nation Canada that committed cultural genocide of first nations people now committing ecocide the extensive unsustainable damage to our planets atmsopere, oceans and ecosystems, the web of life, commonly called climate change. Will those with a duty to protect Canadians do the right thing.Having informed the government of Canada repeatedly unfortunately they have not yet fulfilled their duty. 

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Education is essential to proper management

SCORE:
4.0
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/17/2016 1479423478
Tags: Fishing 
The best way to protect fish and their habitat is to educate the public.  It is hard to manage people, and it is even harder to manage people when th .... Read More

The best way to protect fish and their habitat is to educate the public.  It is hard to manage people, and it is even harder to manage people when they do not understand why they are being managed.  Take stocked fisheries, for example. People might see a species of fish as being very abundant, but it may only appear that way because the population is artificially stocked through human intervention. If people are more aware of how processes like fishery stocking may influence the appearance of fish populations, they may realise that conservation efforts for a species are needed and be more open to complying to new management rules.

This could be achieved through implementing a course that the public must complete before they can obtain a fishing license. Educating people who may not always have access to pertinent information about fish behaviour, management, and conservation efforts will increase their understanding of why regulations and restrictions are put in place. This could help to increase appreciation for conservation efforts and thus increases the likelihood of such regulations being followed.

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Adaptive, Ecosystem, and Long-Term Managment

SCORE:
4.3
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/17/2016 1479421946
In a general sense, an adaptive management approach is important when looking at fish management and study decisions.  Though going back to previous .... Read More

In a general sense, an adaptive management approach is important when looking at fish management and study decisions. 

Though going back to previous legislature would be more beneficial to conservation than what is currently in place. We should refine the older policies with up to date information so that we may begin to work toward the net gain policy.

When concerned with an individual species, one cannot focus in on just that species. An ecosystem based management approach is imperative to understanding what drives their abundance and distribution. There are many factors which contribute to a species survival that must all be considered in helping to restore a species population. 

Species management must also continue to take a collaborative approach. Where we cannot just have scientists or publicists coming up with management decisions separately. Various types of specialists from government officials, to research scientists, social scientists, etc. must collaborate in producing programs that are beneficial to all. 

At the same time, management must also be well-informed. Each species has very specific requirements to survive which even vary spatially and temporally. These requirements may be overlooked if a general framework is applied to all. 

It is important to get the general population on board if any management decision is to be successful. Expansion of public knowledge is important in this regard. For example, applicant angling license holders should undergo brief testing on ecological principles, species-specific knowledge, and current conservation issues to better understand how they may effect their surroundings. 

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Provide Fishery Officers and Guardians with clear power to stop conveyances

SCORE:
3.3
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/17/2016 1479358409
Provide Fishery Officers and Guardians with clear power to stop conveyances as provided to Canadian Wildlife Service Officers under the Migratory Bi .... Read More
  • Provide Fishery Officers and Guardians with clear power to stop conveyances as provided to Canadian Wildlife Service Officers under the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994

"A Fishery Officer or Fishery Guardian may, at any reasonable time, direct that a conveyance be stopped — or be moved, by the route and in the manner that the officer may specify, to a place specified by the officer where an inspection can be carried out — and the officer may, for a reasonable time, detain a conveyance."

Currently there is no clear power for Fishery Officers to stop or direct conveyances, their current authority comes from their inspection powers but does not give clear authority.

 

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