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What modern safeguards should be instituted in order to ensure appropriate protections for fish and fish habitat?

Research Ongoing Cumulative Impacts of Multiple Salmon Farms in Pacific Migratory Waters

SCORE:
5.0
Theme:Monitoring Threats and Reporting-back to Canadians
on 11/25/2016 1480111896
Act on Justice Cohen's concerns:  “DFO has not completed research into the effects of diseases and pathogens from salmon farms on wild Fraser .... Read More

Act on Justice Cohen's concerns: 

“DFO has not completed research into the effects of diseases and pathogens from salmon farms on wild Fraser River sockeye. Nor has DFO done any research into the cumulative effects on sockeye of having multiple salmon farms sited on their migration route. In sum, there are insufficient data (almost no data) to evaluate cause and effect relationships, and insufficient data to look for correlations between fish farm factors and measures of sockeye health such as productivity.“ Vol3 p. 24

"I accept the evidence that a devastating disease could sweep through a wild population killing large numbers of wild fish without scientists being aware of it." (Spoken in press release & in report)

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Obligation to act, not simply the ability

SCORE:
5.0
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/25/2016 1480108264
2 ideas: 1) Obligation to act, and 2) Mandatory increase in compliance staff to certain key numbers.1) Beyond simply having the ability to enforce/fin .... Read More

2 ideas: 1) Obligation to act, and 2) Mandatory increase in compliance staff to certain key numbers.1) Beyond simply having the ability to enforce/fine/reprimand/force compliance, there ought to be some standard base obligation of our government to do these things. Companies, industries, and other entities that destroy, pollute or otherwise harm fish and fish habitat require a baseline of guaranteed repercussions, to a degree that impacts them and forces them to change. We are too fond of cutting deals, sympathizing, letting things go, or charging laughably low amounts of money. Are we serious about protecting fish, fish habitat, and by extension, our water systems? Then be serious. Mandate an Obligation to Act.2) An act is useless with no enforcement muscle. A mandatory minimum number of enforcement personnel should be guaranteed such that they can reasonably cover problems in our regional watersheds. Again, are we serious? Then be serious. Mandate a feasible number of personnel.

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Reform the Fisheries Act!

SCORE:
3.7
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/25/2016 1480102019
Government needs to have the ability to charge companies for destroying vital fish habitat. There needs to be strict regulations so that damaged fis .... Read More

Government needs to have the ability to charge companies for destroying vital fish habitat. There needs to be strict regulations so that damaged fish habitats are cleaned up. There need to be enough trained enforcement staff to ensure orders are followed. The provision that outlawed the “harmful alteration, disruption or destruction of fish habitat” needs to be returned to the Act.

How has the DFO not laid a single charge of damaging fish habitat since 2012, despite almost 1,900 complaints nation-wide? This boggles the mind. 

Habitat protection is critical. In the words of former fisheries minister Roméo LeBlanc: "The chain of life extending to the whole open ocean depends on bogs, marshes, mudflats, and other ‘useless-looking’ places that ruin your shoes. Biologists have likened these areas to the corn fields and wheat fields on the ocean. These rich shore areas support salmon, lobster, herring and other local populations; their influence extends for hundreds of miles, even to the rockiest shorelines. They are the irreplaceable nurseries of fisheries' well-being.” (Found here: http://thetyee.ca/Opinion/2016/11/24/Reverse-Attack-on-Fish-Habitat-Protection/?utm_source=daily&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=241116)

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Fish Habitat Restoration

SCORE:
2.5
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480101507
While the Fisheries Act has programs in place for habitat protection, changes should be made with the intention of addressing the restoration of fish .... Read More

While the Fisheries Act has programs in place for habitat protection, changes should be made with the intention of addressing the restoration of fish habitat in areas that have been damaged by human impact and development. 

Restoration is not intended to return a system to a pre-altered state or fixed condition but to help restore the structure, function, and ecological processes of a system. Restoration also includes extensive environmental monitoring. Environmental monitoring requires collection of data to measure the success of a project. Data collected from monitoring programs will also aid in filling gas in DFO and public data and can assist in mapping. 

Habitat restoration is at the foundation of many land management strategies and endangered species recovery initiatives and should be considered further in the Fisheries Act. 

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Restore Protections for all Native Fish Species

SCORE:
4.1
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480099124
Non-CRA fisheries (commercial, recreational, or aboriginal) currently lack adequate protection despite being critical components of their ecosystems; .... Read More

Non-CRA fisheries (commercial, recreational, or aboriginal) currently lack adequate protection despite being critical components of their ecosystems; the result is weakened protections for the important habitats that support these and other species.

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Offsetting and Habitat Banking

SCORE:
5.0
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480098286
While offsetting is meant as a last resort if an impact cannot be prevented or mitigated, in some cases, it is inevitable. Currently, offsetting is do .... Read More

While offsetting is meant as a last resort if an impact cannot be prevented or mitigated, in some cases, it is inevitable. Currently, offsetting is done on a project-by-project basis with an effort to complete the offset near the area of impact. DFO needs to explore more fully the concept of habitat banking. Major restoration works could be completed in areas that have been heavily impacted in the past if offsetting from multiple projects could be applied to fewer large projects.

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4

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Enforcement: Ticketable Offences and Funding for Provincial Agencies

SCORE:
5.0
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/25/2016 1480098180
Enforcement of the Fisheries Act has been downloaded to provinces as there are very few federal enforcement officers. If provinces are expected to enf .... Read More

Enforcement of the Fisheries Act has been downloaded to provinces as there are very few federal enforcement officers. If provinces are expected to enforce the Act, they should be provided funding and training to do so. Other enforcement options may also exist such as through ticketable offences.

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Restore DFO Capacity

SCORE:
4.6
Theme:Compliance and Enforcement
on 11/25/2016 1480098060
DFO currently lacks the capacity to effectively monitor and protect habitat and enforce the Act. While there may be advantages to centralization, the .... Read More

DFO currently lacks the capacity to effectively monitor and protect habitat and enforce the Act. While there may be advantages to centralization, the capacity for staff with local knowledge is severely limited.

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Protect fish and habitat

SCORE:
3.3
Theme:Conservation and Protection of Fish & Fish Habitat
on 11/25/2016 1480096977
Tags:
 I would like to see all fish farms removed from the oceans and installed on land .
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